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What Does It Mean To Be A Good Christian?

Word Magazine  October
1964  Page 8-9 






By Father Theodore Ziton, Wichita, Kansas


came into the world to free men from their sins and from the power of evil. But
He also freed them from a lot of legalistic nonsense to which they had been
subjected by the “Traditions of Men”.


Take the
Sabbath law, for instance. The law of God was simple:

from work on the Sabbath and don’t force anybody else to do work. But the
Scribes and Pharisees spent years arguing over the most trivial points, binding
men with a burden of minute regulations. The great schools of the Rabbis argued
over such important matters as whether an egg could be eaten that had been laid
on the Sabbath. They perverted the idea of the Sabbath rest to forbid men to
perform even an act of necessary charity for someone else. Christ had to remind
them sharply: “The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath.”
(Mark 2:27)


insisted on the spirit of the law that gives life, rather than the letter that
kills. Yet some have apparently missed the whole point of Christ’s message.
They look to the Bible merely as a series of cold rules. . . . 
to be rigorously applied in the sense that seems right to them. They
insist that any attempt to soften their literalness is an evasion, “explaining
away God’s law.”


Thus some
men are firmly convinced that they have no immortal souls . . . God alone has
immortality (I Tim. 6: 16) and not all the words in the world will convince them
that while God is immortal in His own right, He has made man’s soul after His
own image in this respect.


If we
want to, we can make our whole lives a rigid set of meaningless rules . . .
searching out various texts of Scripture and applying the words literally and
senselessly. We can even go to the ultimate in nonsense and ban from our speech
any reference to a man as “good.” We can not say, “Andrew Stevens is a
good man,” for our Lord very plainly tells us that “No one is good but God
alone.” (Luke 18:19).


In the
Gospels Christ’s words many times come as a climax to a denunciation of the
Scribes and Pharisees. He condemns the abuse not the proper use of anything. You
can’t please everybody. Sometimes you can’t please anybody. If we had to
respect every interpretation that some people fancy they can put on the
Scripture, it would be difficult to say how we might ever refer to anything and
try to explain away anything.


sense is very necessary in our ordinary and particular everyday affairs. Without
the use of common sense everything would soon be in a most sorry state of
disorder. As a proof of this, we need only to consider the trouble we should
bring upon ourselves if we were so foolish to overdo anything of any essence of
which we ourselves are not capable of fully, completely and sincerely handling .
. . such as spending our money without regard to our income.


There are
many other matters in which the average man uses common sense. None of us, for
instance, really like paying income tax. Nevertheless, we do eventually pay
these dues. Our common sense tells us that it would merely bring trouble to
ourselves and our families if we tried to evade paying them. So we dip our hands
into our pockets, however reluctantly, because we know that it is common sense
to do so.


If we
have to earn our living, it is the same with our work and our dealings with our
employer. In all probability we find much that is irksome in our work. Often we
would much rather be spending our time in the garden, or taking slices out of
the turf on the nearest golf links. But don’t “kick over the traces” when
we feel like this. We know very well that it would not be common sense to do so.


We know
that we can’t afford to neglect our worldly duties and so we don’t shirk our
job or disregard our  employer’s
instructions. We know our livelihood, and the comfort and well-being of our
family, depend to a very large extent on the way we perform our duty to our
employer. We know that he has just claims on our time and energy in return for
the wages we receive every week.


It is
common sense, therefore, to weigh the possible consequences of any action our
mind proposes to us before that action is taken, and from the few examples
given, we know that common sense is a very valuable asset in our daily lives and
that we make continual use of it. The fact is that we realize that our material
well-being is so closely lined with our duty that we can’t enjoy the one
without doing the other—and we act accordingly.


We have
seen that we do use common sense with regard to material things—the affairs of
the body—and if we are wise, we shall also use common sense with regard to the
things concerning that part of us which never dies—the soul.


We give
the State and our employer their just dues for two reasons—from a sense of
duty, because we know that they have just claims on us—and because we realize
our dependence upon them. But if we stop to consider the matter we shall realize
that our Creator has even greater  claims
upon us and that we are much more dependent upon God than we are upon our
employers or the State. It is obviously common sense, therefore, to give God His
just dues also.


To God we
owe everything that we have—even life itself—and but for His supporting hand
we could not exist for one second. Everything owes its existence to God, and but
for Him we could neither live nor have anything.


God chose
us out before the foundation of the world to be His children. He chose us
because He loves us and He created the world and everything that is in it for
our use and pleasure. He has given us all these things so that, through them, we
might know Him, love Him with all our hearts and serve Him as His children in
this world, and so be happy with Him forever in the world to come.


love for us is like the love of a mother for her children. It asks nothing in
return but love—and willing obedience as a sign of that love. It is for this
reason that He has given us our free will. He doesn’t want us to be like alarm
clocks which give us their service because they must. He wants us to serve Him
because we love him, and that is why He never presses His claims upon us.


God owns
us entirely and He has a much greater claim to our service than any employer can
possibly have. Yet He does not insist upon His right or treat us as His
servants. God treats us always as His children and He never forces our love and
obedience. He is always ready to listen to us and sympathize with us, and He
never expects MORE FROM US THAN WE CAN DO. He does not even demand results. He
is satisfied as long as He sees that we are REALLY TRYING TO PLEASE HIM IN ALL


will we find an employer who will treat us with such great indulgence as this
and never expect from us more than we can give? And yet many, whose
common sense tells them that they should give their employer an unstinted and
loyal service, refuse that service to God Who is so much more indulgent to them,
Who has given them such wonderful gifts, and Who loves them as His children!
This is as unjust as it is foolish.


God is
our greatest benefactor, and to refuse the love and service He wants from us is
to show the greatest ingratitude and a complete lack of common sense. If it is
foolish and unjust to neglect our duty to our employer, how much more foolish
and unjust it is to neglect our duty to God! But for God we should not have
anything at all—not even life.


Church has always taught that no man is condemned.. . EXCEPT THROUGH HIS OWN
FAULT. . . . that no one is held responsible by God for a duty that he can not
fulfill because of inability to do so or of ignorance which is no fault of his
own. As long as you sincerely love God and follow your conscience, and live and
die with the grace of Christ in your heart, you will save your soul, regardless.


It is
conscience as well as common sense which must be our supreme guide in all
things: so that when conscience becomes unsettled, when our convictions are
disturbed, when we are in doubt about how to act or what to believe—then and
only then are we bound before God to search again for that former peace of mind,
to restore that spiritual tranquility we once enjoyed or are unable to enjoy. We
must settle our conscience, regain clear convictions, resolve all doubts, and
clear up all questions of belief, so that we may ride once more through life
with common sense and right reason at the wheel. Thus, every one, then who is
true to himself can find salvation through the Church. And, in view of that, we
must pray and seek, ask and attempt to be “GOOD NEIGHBORS” not only in
heaven . . . but here on earth . . . first.


becomes for all mankind the noblest of virtues. 
No human being can with certainty say what is truth. And as the extreme
example of tolerance, we are reminded of Voltaire’s epigram... “I will fight
your opinions with my life, but I will fight to the death for your right to hold


Of all
the lovely words coined as currency for the English language and later debased
and abused until its meaning has become bankrupt, the most tragic of all is


When we
begin to really analyze tolerance, we begin to wonder. . . is it anything other
than a sign of mental confusion and personal cowardice? Is it something we ought
to cultivate or . . . root out of our minds?


virtue which we should all love and practice from our hearts is a deep tolerance
for all the sons and daughters of God. But unrestricted tolerance is quite
another thing. When there is a question of truth versus error, we cannot even
pretend to be tolerant. In the heart of each of us there must be an abounding
gentleness and love for our fellow man. We can never for a moment allow
ourselves to be tempted by the easy way of force towards anything. Christ is not
complimented nor is He pleased when we follow our own religious ideas instead of
those taught by His Church in regards to where the bounds of our love must begin
and end for the neighbor must be loved as we love ourselves.


tolerance of untruth is not expected or possible. We cannot be asked to believe
that two and two make seven. We cannot be asked to admit the possibility
of man’s being either an animal, or a soul without a body, or an accident in a
purposeless universe. We cannot be tolerant when people say that Christ was so
poor an organizer that the one Church He thought He was building turned out to
be a discordant babel of a thousand churches. We cannot be acquiescent when
Mohammed and Confucius and Buddha and the Saviour of the world are lumped
together in one antique shop of religious dust and cobwebs.


Truth is
truth. One cannot be tolerant of error. Right is right. One cannot hear
willingly the clamors and claims of evil. Christ and His truths of the Church,
the Ecumenical Councils, Tradition, and the Holy Scriptures are the Light of the
world. One cannot be asked to walk in darkness…where he knows by conviction
and common sense what is better and what is best.


We can be
gentle and kind and loving and merciful to all, but we cannot, where God’s
truths and man’s rights and dignities are concerned, be asked to be
intolerant. Such tolerance is treason to both God and Man. We can have not part
of it.


believe in God is as natural as to think. The Sacred Scriptures tell us that
only the fool says, “There is no God.” And Voltaire once remarked truly that
if there were no God, the human heart would have to invent one.  


important question is not, ‘‘Do you believe in God?” Instinctively we do.
But “How sincerely do we believe in God?” “How does believing affect
living?” There are the challenging questions of our time! And their answer
contains the key to earth’s happiness and heaven’s.  Some men say “I
believe in God” as casually as they might say, “How do you do,” or
“Lovely weather we’re having.” They mean most certainly that they believe
in God, but they imply just as certainly that they intend to do precious little
about it.


like beauty, though real, is sometimes only skin deep. And so that which should
make all the difference in the world becomes inconsequential. Because their
belief in God is static, or at best just smoldering, these men miss the joys,
the flaming greatness, the adventure which God intends them to have in the
earnest practice of true religion. And true religion is never dismal or shabby;
rather, it is of all things the most lightsome, dignified, and climactic.


There are
some people in the world who would, if they had the power, hang the heavens with
crepe: throw a shroud over the beautiful and life-giving bosom of the planet;
pick the bright stars out of the sky; veil the sun with clouds; pluck the silver
moon from her place in the heavens; close all gardens and fields and trample
upon all the flowers with which they are bedecked and doom the world to an
atmosphere of gloom. Such persons entirely miss the spirit of being a good
Orthodox Christian.


people have the facility for touching the wrong key; from the finest instrument
they extract only discord. They sound the note of pessimism everywhere. All
their songs are in the minor key. They look down instead of up; their shadow
predominates their lives. There is nothing bright, cheerful about them. Their
outlook is always gloomy; times are always bad for them. Everything in their
lives seems to be contracting and nothing growing or expanding in their lives.


others it is just the reverse. They cast no shadows. They radiate sunshine.
Every bud they touch opens its petals and flings out its fragrance and beauty.
They never approach you but to cheer; they never speak to you but to inspire.
They see the best in people and say pleasant and helpful things about them.


The world
is very much like a looking glass; laugh at it, and it laughs back; frown at it,
and it will also frown. We ourselves hold the key to life’s happiness as good
Christians. This happiness is within our reach, within our souls, and it rests
with us either to ignore or to enjoy it.


Augustine said, “If any man wishes for happiness, let him raise himself above
the things perishable, let him seek that which will always last, and which
reverses of fortune will never take from him, God alone possesses this
character, and consequently, in God alone is true happiness to be found.”


God is
supreme Good. There is a tendency to seek that which seems good to us—glory,
fortune, pleasure, power, these are the goals of our dreams, and poor humanity
is given over to the unending chase after happiness, and after being a good
Christian, but what a deceitful mirage it is!


You seek
after the good, but where can it be found if not in God, the Sovereign Good, the
Ultimate End of all things? You say that you want glory, but what glory can
compare with that which heaven offers to you? You want treasures, but what
riches are equal to grace? You want love, but who offers you a tenderness like
that of God’s love? You wish to survive in the hearts and memory of mankind,
but what immortality is not vain beside the immortality of paradise? Gather up
all the glory and honors amid joys of the world, and tell me if the combined
happiness of earth can counterbalance the joy and happiness we can ever hope
to find in God!